1st degree and superficial 2nd degree burns1
- Monitor body temperature and for the development of headaches or vomiting
- In the event of pain, your pharmacist may recommend that you take analgesics. Ask your pharmacist for advice.
- Cool: In order for the burn not to extend and to relieve the “cooked” sensation, the area should be cooled according to the “rule of 15”:
- Water at 15°C
- 15 cm distant to the wound
- For approximately 15 minutes
- Moisturise: tissue moisturisation must be restored in order to promote healing of the skin. To do this, a hydrogel such as Osmo Soft is recommended.
Deep 2nd degree and 3rd degree burns
- Remove clothing from around the affected area unless they are sticking to the skin
- Cover the burned area with a clean, dry, cotton dressing
- Position the person comfortably, comfort and look after him/her. If the burn affects over 10% of body surface area, lie the person down to avoid an immediate state of shock.